When starting out fishing, you must be equipped with the right equipment for it to be possible fishing rod, reel, line, rig, bait, and most importantly, the lure. In this list, we will compile and explain the different types of fishing lures that are most commonly used, while also giving you our recommendations.
Jigs are a type of lure that usually has a metal body with a design that mimics the look of a fish. They are weighted with a treble hook attached to the front/back of the jig.
Where and when can you use jigs?
Jigs are versatile and can be used virtually anywhere including salt (offshore or from jetty or shore) and fresh water applications.
Jigging is the form of lure fishing that uses specific movements to mimic an injured baitfish erratic swimming style. As it imitates the injured fish, there will be bound to have fish that will be attracted to this lure. Unlike spinnerbaits or flies, Jigs which move through the water horizontally, Jigs are intended to create a jerky, vertical motion.
When jigging from the bank or shore, the lure must be cast out into the body of water and then jigged back to the angler relatively quickly.
Although, we would recommend using jigs for boat fishing. Since the jig is weighted and is heavy, it will sink to your desired sea level without being carried around too much by the ocean current. Furthermore, the weight makes it smoother to cast with your fishing rod.
Pros & Cons of jigging
Many anglers like jigging because you do not need to go through the hassle of buying or sourcing for live baits. But Jigging should come with a warning as it is both addictive and an adrenalin rush. It can be demanding and requires a good basic level of fitness to last a full day on the water.
Jigging is also labour intensive, time consuming and requires technical knowledge to determine when and where it can be used. Furthermore while the jigs are normally affordable, a good jigging rod sets (especially dedicated offshore jigging rods) can be expensive.
A fly lure consists of a hook and feathers/string to imitate the look of a small fish/insect. Just like the jig, this can be used in any water body - river, reservoir, pond, ocean. Compared to the jig and crankbaits, this lure is not as heavy. Hence, making it hard to cast. It is recommended to use this to catch medium sized fish such as groupers, bass and snappers.
The Mustad Bucktail (Similar to how a fly looks like) (Get your flies here!)
3. Hard Baits
Specific types of hard baits are Jerkbaits, crankbaits, swimbaits, jigging lures and blade baits and topwater lures.
3a. Stick baits a.k.a Jerkbaits
Often called jerkbaits, slashbaits or minnow baits, the term “stickbait” refers to a series of versatile hard-body lures that may be the most well-known multi-species baits in the history of sport fishing.
Stickbaits would be a great choice when pursuing schooling and/or fast-moving game fish. Stockbait should swim over fish, not below them. They are among the few baits that are genuinely effective the whole year. Normal jerkbaits are some of the noisest baits on the water, and work well in even muddy water.
Stickbaits are slender torpedo shaped hard or soft plastic baits or even hard wood like the Rapala Original Floating Minnow or Senko worms. The 2 popular jerkbait used by anglers in SIngapore are the Rapala X-Rap & Rapala Shadow Rap.
The primary difference between stick baits and other lures is that they don’t have any built-in action. Most lures have blades, skirts, bibs, etc. to help create a swimming action while being retrieved.
Since Stick baits can float, suspend or dive, Fishing with stick baits requires the angler to impart action into the lure. Once you learn to balance the bait in the water then you will become more inspired by the potential it brings. Stick baits are one of the most effective lures out there.
When fishing a topwater stick bait, choose a floating or shallow diving lure. The size of the stick bait you choose will depend on baitfish in the area.
The popper is an effective and proven lure designed to move water using a concave or hollowed nose. Poppers aim to simulate any sort of distressed creature that might be moving or struggling on the surface of the water (baitfish, frogs, and insects are the most typical imitations).
Most anglers will agree that hard baits are a go-to for when you do not know where the fish are and when the water is deep. Most of these lures are retrieved fast and aggressive, meaning you can cover a lot of water in a short period of time. This is especially important when you do not have electronics.
Crankbait is a lure with a plastic lip that dives underwater when it is reeled in. They are used to target fish at specific depths. The length and angle of the plastic lip is what determines the depth that the bait can reach. Longer, less-angled, lips dive deeper than short, sharp-angled, lips.
Crankbaits are lures usually made out of a plastic body with an imitation design of a fish, with 2 treble hooks attached on the body. Just like the flies and jigs, this can be used anywhere. However, it is best recommended to use this to fish in freshwater for bass and such. This is due to the fact that the treble hooks on the crankbait makes it easy for it to be snagged on the bottom of the sea floor or areas with rocks. Which can be quite troublesome especially for beginners.
Rapala Shad Dancer (Get your crankbaits here!)
When using the crankbait, you will need to mimic the movement of small fish when it is in the water, bob it up and down in the water from time to time by jerking your rod up and down. This will make the crankbait seem more life like and appealing to the fish.
Fishing with a crankbait shallow waters can prove to be difficult. Since most crankbaits are made to dive to deeper depths (up to 25 feet or more) they are a much better choice for deep lakes (which we have none in SIngapore) or Offshore. Experienced anglers or boat captains will know what type of fish can be found at what depths at what time of year. Crankbaits make it possible to target these fish, and they do it very well.
Differrence between Stickbaits/Jerbaits & Crankbaits
- Best for shallow waters : Jerkbaits
- Best for shallow to medium waters: Jerkbaits and smaller and/or lipless crankbaits
- Best for medium to deep waters: Crankbaits
4. Soft Plastics
Lastly we have soft plastics. Soft Plastic lures are made out of a rubbery material in the shape of a fish with a tail. The rubbery consistency makes it so that the tail has lots of movement when traveling through the water, mimicking the swimming of a fish. This is the most realistic moving lure that we have on this list, due to the fact that when it swims, it looks like a real fish (due to the tail). Soft Plastics are available in a wide array of colours.
Squishy Lagoons (left) paired with Everest Jigheads (right) (Get your soft plastics here!)
When using soft plastics, we pair it with jig heads. Jig heads are weights with hooks attached onto them. This makes it so that the soft plastic is able to sink into the water while also having a hook attached on it. Soft Plastics are extremely effective, so it is recommended that you purchase soft plastics and jig heads. For beginners, I would personally recommend you to use this lure at a paid pond for an exciting fish experience with many bites.
How do I choose what lure to use?
It is dependent on the type of fish you would want to catch, the place you are fishing, and the time of day.
However for a brief summary:
1. For larger fish and boat fishing - jigs and crankbaits.
2. For medium sized fish (paid ponds and freshwater) - flies and soft plastics.
3. With a special recommendation for soft plastics, since it is very effective and friendly for beginners.
Get all your lures here!
Now you are off to go!